The pelvic floor muscles lose their elasticity over time and become weak. This leads to the fact that the muscles do not cope with their main function and cease to properly support the bladder, uterus, rectum, and small intestine. The most unpleasant phenomena arise from incontinence of urine, gases, deterioration of sexual life, and prolapse of the genital organs. In this regard, there is a need for pelvic floor therapy.
Why Do Pelvic Floor Problems Occur?
Initially, the muscles of the perineum contract at our will, as, for example, the muscles of the limbs. But, like other muscles, they can lose control as a result of injury or as a result of prolonged immobilization. If the muscles of the pelvic floor are injured during surgical operations or childbirth, then the mechanism of their contraction is disrupted, the reaction to the electrical signals transmitted by nerve fibers. As a result, due to the weakening of the muscles, there are sexual problems, and gas and urine incontinence.
What Problems Does Pelvic Floor Therapy Solve?
Pelvic floor therapy is helpful if you have the following problems:
- Urination disorders. Many cases of urination disorders are associated with the weakening of the muscles of the perineum (m. bulbospongiosus). This muscle forms the sphincter of the urethra with its anterior fibers and serves as a support for the genitals. Muscle weakness m. bulbospongiosus leads to stretching of the sphincter ring and prolapse of the vaginal walls and mucosa, which is the cause of most cases of urinary incontinence.
- Sometimes the consequence of childbirth and pregnancy is the weakening of the muscles that support important organs, including pelvic floor muscles. As a result of the weakening of the muscles, under the pressure of the descending organs, the walls of the vagina are lowered (prolapse of the genitals).
- After childbirth, some women experience pain during intercourse. Sometimes the pain becomes chronic, there is a burning sensation in the tissues surrounding the vagina and itching. Sometimes pain in the pelvic floor occurs when you have a bowel movement. Such pain can make it impossible to wear tight, tight clothing, and underwear. The provocateur of such pains is also often the tension of the muscles of the perineum; it in some cases leads to inflammation of the nerve endings and tissues.
If a woman had a perineal dissection during childbirth or had tears, then there is a chance of regular pain, even with complete healing of the tears. Such pain can be relieved by strengthening the muscles, as it is associated with tension in the muscles of the pelvic floor.
Some patients do not control the discharge of gases and even faeces. This problem is also successfully solved by strengthening the muscles of the perineum.